Aundh State was a Maratha princely state in the British Raj,
in the Deccan States Agency division of the Bombay Presidency. It was one
of the Satara Jagirs, and was founded in 1699. Its area was 1298 square
kilometers and its capital was Aundh. The flag of Aundh was a rectangular
Aundh State was founded by Parshuram Tryambak Pant Pratinidhi,
who was a Maratha General and administrator during the reign of Maratha
rulers, Chhatrapati Sambhaji and Chhatrapati Rajaram. He played a prominent
role in re-capturing forts like Panhala Fort, Ajinkyatara (at Satara), Bhupalgad
from Moghuls during period of 1700-1705.
The last ruler of Aundh was Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi
(Bala Sahib). On 8 March 1948 the state joined the Union of India.
Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi (October 24, 1868 -
April 13, 1951), popularly known as Balasaheb Pant Pratinidhi or Bhawanrao
Balasaheb Pant Pratinidhi, was the last ruler of the tiny princely state
of Aundh in Maharashtra, India under British Raj during the period 1909
He was a man of letters, an accomplished painter, and an erudite
musical kirtankar, he presided over Marathi Sahitya Sammelan held in Indore
in 1935. He also served as the founding President of the Poona Sarvajanik
Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi (Bala Sahib) despite
being the ruler of the princely state under the British Raj was a strong
supporter of the Indian independence movement, and stood up for the welfare
of the people of Aundh, which was in sharp contrast to the attitude and
behaviour of the majority of Maharajas and Rajas.
He along with Frydman (also known as Swami Bharatananda),
a Polish engineer who was a disciple of Gandhi and the Mahatma himself decided
to transfer the power to the people of Aundh (Swaraj movement) and implemented
the new swaraj constitution wherein the power was transferred to the people
in what is known in history as "THE AUNDH EXPERIMENT".
He was a self-proclaimed nationalist, and the beginning of
the experiment in 1938 caused concern among the British rulers, who reprimanded
him for being a friend of Gandhi, who they called "the rebel against the
Raj". This did not bother him and earned him the respect and support of
the freedom fighters of India.
The state of Aundh was reorganized from the ground up, with
local administration put in the hands of village panchayats with five elected
representatives, voted into office through new voting rights given to all