Aundh: A Brief History

Aundh State was a Maratha princely state in the British Raj, in the Deccan States Agency division of the Bombay Presidency. It was one of the Satara Jagirs, and was founded in 1699. Its area was 1298 square kilometers and its capital was Aundh. The flag of Aundh was a rectangular orange banner.

 

Aundh State was founded by Parshuram Tryambak Pant Pratinidhi, who was a Maratha General and administrator during the reign of Maratha rulers, Chhatrapati Sambhaji and Chhatrapati Rajaram. He played a prominent role in re-capturing forts like Panhala Fort, Ajinkyatara (at Satara), Bhupalgad from Moghuls during period of 1700-1705.

 

The last ruler of Aundh was Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi (Bala Sahib). On 8 March 1948 the state joined the Union of India.

 

Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi (October 24, 1868 - April 13, 1951), popularly known as Balasaheb Pant Pratinidhi or Bhawanrao Balasaheb Pant Pratinidhi, was the last ruler of the tiny princely state of Aundh in Maharashtra, India under British Raj during the period 1909 - 1947.

 

Aundh State was a Maratha princely state in the British Raj, in the Deccan States Agency division of the Bombay Presidency. It was one of the Satara Jagirs, and was founded in 1699. Its area was 1298 square kilometers and its capital was Aundh. The flag of Aundh was a rectangular orange banner.

 

Aundh State was founded by Parshuram Tryambak Pant Pratinidhi, who was a Maratha General and administrator during the reign of Maratha rulers, Chhatrapati Sambhaji and Chhatrapati Rajaram. He played a prominent role in re-capturing forts like Panhala Fort, Ajinkyatara (at Satara), Bhupalgad from Moghuls during period of 1700-1705.

 

The last ruler of Aundh was Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi (Bala Sahib). On 8 March 1948 the state joined the Union of India.

 

Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi (October 24, 1868 - April 13, 1951), popularly known as Balasaheb Pant Pratinidhi or Bhawanrao Balasaheb Pant Pratinidhi, was the last ruler of the tiny princely state of Aundh in Maharashtra, India under British Raj during the period 1909 - 1947.

 

He was a man of letters, an accomplished painter, and an erudite musical kirtankar, he presided over Marathi Sahitya Sammelan held in Indore in 1935. He also served as the founding President of the Poona Sarvajanik Sabha.

 

Bhawanrao Shriniwasrao Pant Pratinidhi (Bala Sahib) despite being the ruler of the princely state under the British Raj was a strong supporter of the Indian independence movement, and stood up for the welfare of the people of Aundh, which was in sharp contrast to the attitude and behaviour of the majority of Maharajas and Rajas.

 

He along with Frydman (also known as Swami Bharatananda), a Polish engineer who was a disciple of Gandhi and the Mahatma himself decided to transfer the power to the people of Aundh (Swaraj movement) and implemented the new swaraj constitution wherein the power was transferred to the people in what is known in history as "THE AUNDH EXPERIMENT".

 

He was a self-proclaimed nationalist, and the beginning of the experiment in 1938 caused concern among the British rulers, who reprimanded him for being a friend of Gandhi, who they called "the rebel against the Raj". This did not bother him and earned him the respect and support of the freedom fighters of India.

 

The state of Aundh was reorganized from the ground up, with local administration put in the hands of village panchayats with five elected representatives, voted into office through new voting rights given to all adults.